Dementia is a general term for a group of brain disorders that involve mental decline and affects the abilities of recent memory and visual-spatial function. The ability to learn and recall new information declines, which results in disorientation, especially in new surroundings. The symptoms of dementia vary across types and stages of the diagnosis however the most common affected areas include memory, visual-spatial, language, attention and problem solving. Globally, it is estimated that 24.3 million people have dementia, with 4.6 million new cases of dementia being diagnosed every year. The number of people affected will double every 20 years to 81.1 million by 2040. Most people with dementia live in developing countries where the design and building of residential services is at best; embryonic.1
Through the examination of how interior and spatial design can benefit physical and emotional well being and taught in collaboration with the NSW/ACT Dementia Training Study Centre at Wollongong University, you are asked to design a long term facility for people with dementia. Unpacking the notion of spatio-temporality, the virtual and the real, and the relations between the built environment and psychological space, this studio seeks to rethink dementia care through the production of speculative design proposals which provide supportive environments for people with dementia.
1 Fleming, Richard, and Nitin Purandare. “Long-Term Care for People with Dementia: Environmental Design Guidelines.” International Psychogeriatrics 22, no. 07, November 2010